Argumentation in science

Why would we be interested in talking about argumentation in science? Science is derived from scientia which in Latin means acquiring knowledge through observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. In order to do so in scientific research we value two very important elements. The first being repetition. You should have the ability to re-create an experiment to get the same results, or at least the same setting to facilitate these outcomes. In order to do so, people should be able to follow your logic in the description of the setting of the experiment.

Secondly other people have to be able to follow your logic from result to conclusion. And that is where this course comes in. In order to be able to share arguments and logical reasoning in such a way that people can share it with others in a neutral matter.

Science is the creation of new knowledge by combining exiting knowledge with new outcomes. We need ways of thinking that are universal and easy to follow for people in order to be able to explain the new outcomes to those people. Therefore we will start with the basis of argumentation: premises and conclusions.